latin vs latinx

The gendered structure of the Spanish language has made "Latinx" both an inclusive and controversial term. And, yet, while many people are using the term and identifying as Latinx, there are still others who may look at the word with skepticism and confusion. There are a few theories about the origins of Chicano, including that it comes from mexicano (pronounced meshicano), a word that some “groups of Nahuas (Indigenous speakers of Nahuatl) began calling their language,” writes David Bowles, an author and professor at the University of Texas Rio Grande Valley. Last year during #HispanicHeritageMonth, Netflix posted a video on Instagram (see below) of some well-known Latin American TV stars tackling the debate of when to use Latino, Hispanic, Latino, and Latinx . © 2020 CBS Interactive Inc. All Rights Reserved. "'Latinx' is just one of those many dimensions.". Grace Flores-Hughes, who claims to have come up with the term Hispanic for the Census, pictured at her Alexandria home in 2003. Part of the reason for that could be because "Latinx" just hasn't been around as long as the other descriptors, Lopez said. He acknowledged the difficulty in engaging diverse communities that make up "the largest non-White voting bloc in the U.S." with a single label, but said it was more important for leaders to "develop policy" that benefits them rather than figuring out how they should be addressed. The term replaces the "o" in "Latino" or the "a" in "Latina" with an "x" to make it gender-neutral. The findings, published Tuesday by the Pew Research Center, signal just how complex identity is for people categorized as Hispanic or Latino. While views on what the terms mean exactly can vary, filmmaker and journalist Andrew Padilla says the significance is not with semantics, but the actions that are supposed to come after.

READ MORE: Hispanic Heritage: Full Coverage.

But in doing so, its critics say, English speakers are imposing a term on the Hispanic and Latino population that doesn't make sense for them. Updated 1112 GMT (1912 HKT) August 12, 2020, (CNN)Depending on which corners of the internet you inhabit, you might have come across the term "Latinx.". And while some public figures and politicians are quickly adapting to the term, others within the Latin American community are trying to resist it. The word “Latinx” (pronounced “La-teen-ex”) has been used more and more lately. The term Hispanic was first used by the U.S. government in the 1970s after Mexican American and other Hispanic organizations lobbied the federal government to collect data on the population.

I have other friends who call themselves Hispanic, or Chicana/o or just American. ", The U.S. Census still uses "Hispanic" and defines it as the “heritage, nationality, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s parents or ancestors before arriving in the United States.”. If there is a group made up of women, they can be described as “ellas.” If there is a group with men and women, it defaults to the masculine (ellos instead of ellas). And they likely won't be the last, Your California Privacy Rights/Privacy Policy. © 2020 USA TODAY, a division of Gannett Satellite Information Network, LLC. FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. Padilla said the preference against the gender-neutral term does not reflect a negative sentiment, but rather a lack of familiarity. Yet even among those aware of Latinx, the terms Hispanic (50%) and Latino (31%) are preferred. Online searches for the term among the general U.S. population appeared online in the early 2000s. The terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" are often used synonymously in the U.S., with the term "Latinx" used as a gender-neutral alternative to the latter. Just 4% preferred the term. In addition, some academic centers at community colleges, public universities and Ivy League universities are replacing Latino program names that were established in previous decades with new Latinx-focused names. And when one term is chosen over another, the term Hispanic has been preferred to Latino. Spanish is a gendered language. Those two terms describe a very broad group of people, and don't always align with the ways that those populations identify themselves.

What does it mean to be Latino in America today. Yet, as long as there have been people from Latin American countries living in the United States, there have been words to describe them. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. Importantly, the same surveys show, country of origin labels (such as Mexican or Cuban or Ecuadorian) are preferred to these pan-ethnic terms among the population they are meant to describe. Using the term "Latinx" to refer to all people of Latin American decent has become more common as members in the LGBTQ community and its advocates have embraced the label. Hispanics with college experience are more likely to be aware of Latinx than those without college experience; about four-in-ten Hispanic college graduates (38%) say they have heard of Latinx, as do 31% of those with some college experience.

The terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" are often used synonymously in the U.S., with the term "Latinx" used as a gender-neutral alternative to the latter. Though it’s unclear when or how it began, it’s mostly tied to the early 2000s, with it reportedly appearing on Google Trends in 2004. But even among that group, a majority preferred the terms "Hispanic" or "Latino.".

And they likely won't be the last.

Use is among the highest for Hispanic women ages 18 to 29 – 14% say they use it, a considerably higher share than the 1% of Hispanic men in the same age group who say they use it. As I talk with friends and colleagues, I’m learning how Latin and non-Latin Americans are just as confused as I am regarding these labels, and the debate is so charged that a great many people are walking on pins and needles, afraid to offend others or to seem tone-deaf. Is this not another example of white normativity? In subsequent years, the term’s use on social media by celebrities, politicians and grassroots organizations has grown. A protester holds a sign that reads, "LATiNXS FOR BLACK LiVES MATTER" in New York on June 2. The two terms are used interchangeably, with Latino first appearing on the U.S. census in 2000, alongside Hispanic. Second generation refers to people born in the 50 states or the District of Columbia with at least one first-generation, or immigrant, parent. The Pew survey also asked its respondents whether they thought "Latinx" should be used to refer to the nation's Hispanic or Latino population. The terms foreign born and immigrant are used interchangeably in this report. Sarah McBride becomes first openly transgender state senator in U.S. De Blasio official urges clergy to stay out of protests, sparking outrage, AOC breezes to victory over GOP challenger, retains Bronx, Queens hold, 'Cause for concern’: Confirmed cases of coronavirus continues to climb in NYC, ‘60 Days In’ star Nate Burrell was charged with rape, assault before suicide, Trump lawyers gearing up to challenge battleground absentee ballots, Biden defeats Trump in crucial Arizona race. More recently, Latinx has emerged as an alternative to Hispanic and Latino. “It’s basically using baby talk,” Bowles says. For example, a group of females would be called "Latinas" and a group of males would be called "Latinos." As a Latin American who came to the U.S. undocumented many years ago, this is where I will be focusing my energy, not squabbling over which label is the most P.C. Among these terms, Latina has shown the highest popularity, though its share of searches has been falling relative to its peak in June 2014.6. The effort to coin a term to describe a wildly diverse group of Americans has long stirred controversy. How widespread is awareness of Latinx? “Latinx is an even further evolution that was meant to be inclusive of people who are queer or lesbian or gay or transgender,” said Cadava. Just 4% of people identified as "Latinx.". Some who take issue with the term "Latinx" have proposed ".

Next: 1. In more than 15 years of polling by Pew Research Center, half of Americans who trace their roots to Spanish-speaking Latin America and Spain have consistently said they have no preference for either Hispanic or Latino as a term to describe the group.

It's unclear where and when exactly the term "Latinx" came about, but activists and academics have largely adopted it to be more inclusive of Hispanics and Latinos who don't fit into the male/female gender binary. In addition, the U.S. born are more likely than the foreign born to have heard the term (32% vs. 16%), and Hispanics who are predominantly English speakers or bilingual are more likely than those who mainly speak Spanish to say the same (29% for both vs. 7%). "This reflects the diversity of the nation's Hispanic population, and the Hispanic population of the US thinks of itself in many different ways," Mark Lopez, director of global migration and demography research at Pew Research Center, told CNN. All Rights Reserved. The term Hispanic was first used in a full census in 1980.

For example, 12% of respondents who had heard of Latinx express disagreement or dislike of the term. Tlapoyawa wrote. At the heart of this debate lies the issue of labeling, where an outside group (or a small percentage from an inside group) decides on a term, or label, and then dictates which people fit under the larger umbrella of this label. Throughout the last half-century in the U.S., different pan-ethnic terms have arisen to describe Americans who trace their roots to Latin America and Spain.

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